In india Land measurement are in varieties and if you go from one state to another you will get to listen different words for it. So, here I am with an informative article about land measurement across India. In india you go North you will come across units like Bigha, Marla,etc and when you will switch to south you will hear Cent, Guntha, Ground, etc. According to different name of units, sizes also vary from state to state. There are only some units like Square Meters, Hectares Square Feet and Square Yards and Acres which are commonly used all over India.

Here are some commonly used Units:-

Unit of AreaConversion UnitRemarks
1 Square Centimeters0.00107639 sq ft1 Square Metres is 10000 Square Centimetres.
1 Square Feet144 sq in1 feet is 12 inches.
1 Square Inch0.0069444 sq ft1 feet is 12 inches.
1 Square Kilometer247.1 acresStandard International Unit of area to measure land. 1 Sq km is 0.3861 Sq Miles, 100 Hectares, 247.1 Acres or 1000000 Sq Mtr.
1 Square Meter10.76391042 sq ftStandard International Unit of area to measure land.
1 Square Mile640 acres1 Sq Mile is 2.59 Sq km or  259 Hectares
1 Square Yard9 sq ft.1 sq yd is 9 sq ft, measured as 3 ft X 3 ft. Also known as “Gaj” in India.
1 Acre4840 sq ydStandard Unit to measure land, used in India and internationally.
1 Hectare10000 sq mtrAn international unit to measure land, 1 hectare is equal to 100 ares or 10,000 sq mtr or 2.47 acres approximately.
1 Are100 sqmtr1 hectare is equal to 100 ares.

Now let’s see what are units of land called in North India:-

Term of Unit UsedConversionUsed in StatesRemarks
1 Bigha – Pucca3025 sq ydBihar & some parts of UP, Punjab , Haryana1 Pucca Bigha = 165 ft X 165 ft.
1 Bigha968 sq ydBigha size used in some parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
1 Bigha900 sq ydBigha size used in some parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
Bigha- Kachha1008.33 sq ydSome parts of Punjab, Haryana, UPKachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha. Its where settlement is not done.
1 Biswa – Pucca151.25 sq ydIts mostly used in upper parts of UP, Punjab, Haryana1/20 Bigha (Pucca)
1 Biswa48.4 sq ydSome parts of HP,  Uttarakhand<>1/20 of Bigha
1 Biswa45 sq ydSome parts of HP,  Uttarakhand1/20 of Bigha
1 Biswa  (Kaccha)50.417 sq ydLower parts of Punjab, Haryana,  UP1/20 of Bigha  (Kaccha)
1 Biswansi1/20 BiswaUsed in UP, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.1 Biswa has 20  Biswansis. Each state has a different value for Biswansi depending on the value of Biswa/ Bigha used.
1 Killa4840 sq ydUsed in some parts of Haryana and PunjabAn Acre is also known as Killa
1 Ghumaon4840 sq ydin some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.An Acre is also known as Ghumaon
1 Kanal5445 sq ftUnit used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir8 kanals is 1 acre
1 Sarsahi (Square Karam)30.25 sq ftsometimes used in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal PradeshMeasured as 1 karam X 1 karam (66in X 66in). 1 Marla has 9 Sarsahies

Now let’s see what are units of land called in South India:-

Term of Unit UsedConversionUsed in StatesRemarks
1 Ankanam72 sqftused in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.1 Acre is equal to 605 Ankanams.
1 Bigha1600 sqydin Assam and Bengal
1 Cent435.6 sqftused in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.1 Acre is equal to 100 cents
1 Ground2400 sqftparts of Tamil Nadu.
1 Guntha1089 sqftused in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Maharashtra.Measured as 33ft X 33 ft. 40 Gunthas equal 1 Acre.
1 Kuncham484 sqydused in Andhra Pradesh.1 Kuncham is equal to 10 cents.

Now let’s see what are units of land called in East India :-

Term of Unit UsedConversionUsed in StatesRemarks
1 Chatak180 sqftused in West Bengal1 Katha (Bengal) is equal to 16 chataks.
1 Decimal48.4 sqydUnit used in West Bengal.1 Acre is equal to 100 Decimals.
1 Dhur68.0625 sqftBihar/ Jharkhand1 Kattha (Bihar) has 20 Dhurs.
1 Dhur3.6 sqftUnit used in Tripura20 Dhurs (Tripura) is equal to 1 Kranta.
1 Kattha2880 sqftUnit used in Assam1 Bigha (Assam) is 5 Katthas
1 Kattha720 sqftUnit used in Bengal1 Bigha (Bengal) has 20 Kathas
1 Kattha1361.25 sqftUnit used in Bihar1 Bigha (Bihar) has 20 Kathas.
1 Lecha144 sqftUnit used in Assam20 Lechas is 1 Kattha

Now let’s see what are units of land called in Central India:-

Term of Unit UsedConversionUsed in StatesRemarks
1 Bigha1333.33 sqydBigha size used in parts of Madhya Pradesh.
1 Kattha600 sqftUnit used in MP1 Bigha (MP) has 20 Kathas

Now let’s see what are units of land called in West India:-

Term of Unit UsedConversionUsed in StatesRemarks
1 Bigha – Pucca3025 sq ydBihar & some parts of Rajasthan1 Pucca Bigha = 165 ft X 165 ft
1 Bigha1936 sq ydBigha size used in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan1 Bigha = 132 ft X 132 ft.
1 Biswa – Pucca151.25 sq ydIts mostly used in upper parts of Rajasthan1/20 Bigha (Pucca)
1 Biswa96.8 sq ydLower parts of Rajasthan1/20 of Bigha
1 Biswansi1/20 BiswaUsed in Rajasthan1 Biswa has 20  Biswansis. Each state has a different value for Biswansi depending on the value of Biswa/ Bigha used.

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